In addition to its size, this sample of respondents results to be representative with respect to the age features of the actual open-ended-contract INAF researchers. The correspondence is particularly noteworthy in the youngest age tier: INAF researchers aged until 45 result to be Astrophysicists older than 55 years of age are Thus, this sample is expected to be particularly satisfying for getting an insight into the subject. Questions 4 and 5 were aimed at casting some light onto the present role of ArXiv as a scholarly communication hub.
In question 7 researchers were asked to indicate which channels they use when looking for comments about their papers, and how often.
Also this question was a multiple-answer and scaled one. For both questions, multiple answers were possible. Particular attention was for validation practices. This is a reference point for the subsequent analysis. For In fact, nevertheless, lower-granularity kinds of feedback — which have a fast-track mode of provision through the social media — are being appreciated by a considerable amount of researchers. This is an interesting clue: the attribution of importance to publicly visible comments on single aspects of research papers is lower, compared to comments which are not publicly visible.
Low-granularity feedback provision is electively related to the web 2. When asked how often their papers posted to ArXiv receive comments from other researchers q. The respondents to the present survey who said they have a profile on at least one of the three professional social networks considered — ResearchGate, LinkedIn or Academia — have resulted to be This outcome might be in line with the widely-based RIN and CIBER studies [ 10 , 11 ] inasmuch they both depict researchers in physics as the third disciplinary group by intensity of use of web 2.
The previous literature examined has sometimes focused on web 2. The choice of the tools to survey has been uneven, in relation to the progressive changes in presence and popularity of the various tools. For all these reasons, putting the data from the present survey into context must be made cautiously. Scholars in physics who use web 2. In their multidisciplinary survey based upon respondents and conducted in mid , Ponte and Simon [ 9 ] have numbered a Bar-Ilan et al. ResearchGate is not included among the tools examined by these three studies.
The outcomes of the present survey seem to depict a generally higher degree of involvement with social networks from researchers, thus supporting the hypothesis of a growing usage trend which has been pointed out by [ 11 ].
From the raw data made available on FigShare [ 6 ] you can deduct that according to this survey at least The youngest researchers come second This is in line with the part of the previous literature which excludes a simplistic, direct relation between lower age and higher adoption of the social media in the scholarly environment [ 10 , 11 ]. The majority of the total respondents i. A single profile on ResearchGate is owned by a further Academia turns out to be a very small niche, which is in line with [ 5 , 7 , 12 ]. On average among age tiers, the traditional type of peer-review — i.
This percentage results to be identical across the three age tiers. It is interesting to notice how age tiers affect this result. They express the lowest level of satisfaction with this configuration of the peer-review 7. We may recall that this age tier has the highest percentage of SN profile ownership — although this outcome does not per se establish a direct relation between the two phenomena. By far more inclined to a new approach is the sampled community when it comes to deciding about the double-blind peer-review. This outcome is in line with [ 9 ]. In fact, these answers seem to reveal that astrophysicists are ready for a more extended experience at least with double-blind peer review on the main journals in the discipline.
This is social networking, Italian style
The use researchers actually make of their social network profiles in their scholarly activity is a turning point for one of the research questions at the basis of this study. When asked which channels they usually use for getting opinions from peers about their papers q. Thus, somehow unexpectedly, this group strengthens its appearance as the subset more inclined to innovation in this particular setting of its activity. The most prominent professional social networks seem to have reached an impressing diffusion among Italian astrophysicists and significant expectations for new models of validation of research results, certainly with different types of peer-review, can be detected within this scientific community.
In theory, this might represent a very favourable combination at the basis of an innovative use of the social networks in the scholarly communication practice. Nevertheless, the present survey shows that the main goal for the respondents who have adopted a professional social network seems presently to consist in being more easily reached and read throughout the global research community, rather than being actively engaged in scholarly social networking.
In fact, for the astrophysicists in our sample it does not seem that the use of the social networks is the key for exploring new paradigms in scholarly validation and communication, at least at present. This confirms the more general previous statements according to which, although the traditional scholarly communication model has entered a crisis, it is far from being overcome [ 4 , 11 ]. Astrophysicists seem anyway to be rather keen on experimenting new internet tools and the situation might evolve unpredictably in the future. Arcila-Calderon, M.
Calderin and I. Aguaded, Adoption of ICTs by communication researchers for scientific diffusion and data analysis, El Profesional de la Informacion 24 5 , — Bar-Ilan, S. Haustein, I. Peters, J.
Social Media Stats Italy | StatCounter Global Stats
Priem, H. Shema and J. Archambault, Y. Gingras and V. Calvi and M. Cassella, Scholarship 2. Harley, S. Acord, S. Earl-Novell, S. Lawrence and C. Mas-Bleda, M. Thelwall, K.
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